Cognitive factors

Principle investigators: Sven ThönesDaniel Schneider
Mitarbeiter: Bianca Zickerick
Funds: n.a.  
Cooperation/Partners: Peter Wühr (TU Dortmund), Heiko Hecht (JGU Mainz), Daniel Oberfeld (JGU Mainz), Kurt Stocker (ETH Zürich)

The way people process information and to what extent they use their mental resources in a task depends, for example, on how distracted they are by other things. For instance, the precision and speed of task processing suffer when multiple tasks have to be handled simultaneously (multitasking). However, can interruptions and distractions also be conducive and motivating, for example, when conducting very monotonous activities? To what extent do (cognitive) strategies affect task processing?

Assumptions and evaluations of tasks are another factor that influence the processing of information. In this area, we focus on the influences of processes of time perception and time-related cognitions. What are the connections between motivation, performance, time perception, and flow experience? How do time-related cognitions affect our processing of information?

In addition to application-oriented research, fundamental questions in the area of time perception are also important. For example, we investigate how basal stimulus properties such as color and orientation or the processing of stimulus-response conflicts affect the perceived duration of a stimulus.

Current publications

  • Gajewski, P.D., Hanisch, E., Falkenstein, M., Thönes, S., & Wascher, E. (2018) What Does the n-Back Task Measure as We Get Older? Relations Between Working-Memory Measures and Other Cognitive Functions Across the Lifespan. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(2208).
    doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02208
  • Thönes, S., Falkenstein, M., & Gajewski, P. (2018). Multitasking in aging: ERP correlates of dual-task costs in young versus low, intermediate, and high performing older adults. Neuropsychologia, 119, 424-433. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.09.003
  • Thönes, S., Arnau, S., & Wascher, E. (2018). Cognitions about time affect perception, behavior, and physiology – a review on effects of external clock-speed manipulations. Consciousness & Cognition, 63, 99-109. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2018.06.014
  • Thönes, S., von Castell, C., Iflinger, J., & Oberfeld, D. (2018). Color and time perception: Evidence for temporal overestimation of blue stimuli. Scientific Reports, 8(1688) doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-19892-z
  • Thönes, S., Stocker, K., Brugger, P., Hecht, H. (2018). Is mental time embodied interpersonally? Cognitive Processing, 19(3), 419-427. doi: 10.1007/s10339-018-0857-6
  • Thönes, S. & Hecht, H. (2017). Counting does not improve the accuracy of long time productions. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 79(8), 2576-2589. doi: 10.3758/s13414-017-1407-5
  • Thönes, S. & Oberfeld, D. (2017). Meta-analysis of time perception and temporal processing in schizophrenia: Differential effects on precision and accuracy. Clinical Psychology Review, 54, 44-64. doi 10.1016/j.jad.2014.12.057