Information processing is a central component of modern work. At the office and at monitoring workplaces (air traffic control or industrial monitoring), when piloting a vehicle (car, truck, train, or plain) but also at the cashier of a market, more and more information has to be processed these days. Demands on the information processing system often exceed human capabilities. Additionally, modulating variables like age, fatigue, stress, or lack of motivation may hamper information processing and impair the selection of adequate actions. The overload of individual processing capacities and interference by irrelevant information are central sources of errors not only in the human-machine context. Increased accident hazard and reduced performance are the consequences.
The research topic „information processing“ investigates the basics and boundaries of conscious information processing from low-level mechanisms of information uptake up to perception-action integration. On the long run, we intend to describe processing of information in the human-machine context on the basis of a neurophysiological model hat allows the prediction of potential hazards.
Visual functions (running out)
What are physiological prerequisites for optimal uptake of information? How do movements of the eyes contribute to this process? What about binocular co-ordination?
Human capabilities in information processing are limited. Relevant signals have to be selected out of a continuous stream of incoming information. What is selected and how is it stored for further processing? What happens to information that is not selected?
Interactions with the environment rely on behavior that is selected based on previously extracted information. What mechanisms determine the selection of a particular action? How are
Goal-oriented actions rely on the suppression of irrelevant, interfering information. How is distraction minimized in the course of perception-action integration? What mechanisms contribute to the resumption of interrupted actions? And what is the impact of age on interference processing?